Acne fulminans is the scientific name for folliculitis, a skin disease characterised by red pustules on the surface of the skin. These pustules may be filled with pus and have a yellowish appearance. This type of skin disease is quite common in adults and teenagers and the symptoms can show up during puberty. When the pores are blocked by dirt, oil or dead skin cells, the bacteria that normally live on the skin can multiply and lead to inflammation of the hair follicles. This can result in cystic acne.
The causes of this condition are still unclear but heredity, bacteria and hormonal changes are known to play their part. Pores can get blocked either because of excess oil, dirt or dead skin cells and inflammation is caused as a result. Acne is a complex skin disease that occurs when oil, sebum and dead skin cells gather in the hair follicles and block the pore. Acne is characterised by red pimples that form across the hairline and a red dot on the surface of the skin.
Acne fulminans is an inflammatory form of acne. This is one of the four main types of acne. It is the least common form of skin disease. The other forms are
Acne fulminans is also known as cystic acne. The symptoms of cystic acne are similar to those of acne vulgaris. They include whiteheads, blackheads, swollen red bumps and deep inflamed skin. In the case of cystic acne, the disease is often chronic and severe. The inflamed regions become so painful that it becomes difficult to perform normal activities.
Unlike normal acne, there is no clear-cut cause for cystic acne. There are many theories on the cause of acne, but not a single theory has been proven right yet. The inflamed skin regions of acne often contain a population of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses. The presence of acne fulminans and the accompanying inflammation can be a sign of a severe fungal infection called folliculitis.
Folliculitis can form when there is an excessive population of microorganisms in the skin’s surface. Excessive populations of microorganisms can occur when the immune system is weak or the body is under considerable stress. Folliculitis is the result of the build up of bacteria and viruses that are normally kept under control by the body’s immune system. When they are unable to fight off an invading object, the microorganisms cause inflammation and swelling of the tissues. Folliculitis may be present in the form of a white hard bump underneath the skin.
Acne may also result from the body’s failure to properly use antibiotics. Folliculitis can lead to serious complications if it is left untreated or ignored. The inflamed area may bleed and the surrounding skin may become red, swollen, and tender. If the folliculitis is allowed to persist, it can form a crust on the skin that grows bigger with time. If this happens, acne lesions may develop.
Treating folliculitis requires effective medication and careful attention to hygiene. If you have minor acne, your dermatologist may recommend over-the-counter topical products that are designed to dry out the skin and kill any microorganism that might be causing the infection. In more severe cases of acne fulminans, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed in order to treat the infection. The most common treatment for acne fulminans is Isotretinoin, which is usually prescribed in severe cases of acne because of its effectiveness in controlling the P acnes bacteria. However, Isotretinoin should not be used by pregnant women who are breast-feeding.
There are many alternative treatments for acne that are available over the counter. These treatments work to clean the follicles, unclog the pores, and eliminate excess sebum. However, they are not as successful in cases of folliculitis. Some of these herbal remedies include herbal solutions that are applied directly to the scalp, as well as vitamin C, aloe vera, and tea tree oil.
In more severe cases of acne fulminans, there are options that you may wish to consider before opting for traditional treatments. If your acne fulminans is caused by a deficiency in vitamin A, you may want to consider taking Vitamin A supplements. However, before you begin a vitamin A supplement regimen, talk with your doctor. You may also want to consider taking a beta-carotene supplement. Beta carotene is believed to reduce the production of sebum. For these reasons, it is often recommended to take Vitamin A supplements along with a beta-carotene supplement.
Finally, if your acne is caused by a bacterium that thrives in warm and moist environments, you may want to consider treating it with a topical antifungal treatment. These topical treatments are often used to treat mild to moderate acne. Most of these products have a very quick effect, but they should only be used on the affected area. They should never be used on acne that is cystic or severely inflamed.